We have all heard of the nutritionist; Sometimes we have been referred to this specialty or have been recommended to consult one, but do you know for sure what this profession consists of and when you should consult this specialist?
According to what was defined by ACODIN for Colombia in the Code of Bioethics in 1996, “the Dietitian Nutritionist is a professional with university training, scientific, critical and analytical attitude, social commitment and leadership capacity”, which translates into that said specialist has all the necessary tools to be able to effectively determine the deficiencies or excesses of an individual or population, from this define the action plan to help recover the nutritional status and therefore the health.
However, with the advancement of science, technology and the evolution of diseases, the need for greater control in everything we consume and know as “food” also arises , so that these will satisfy very specific needs according to the condition of each individual or population group.
1. IF YOUR GOAL IS TO GAIN OR LOSE WEIGHT
This will always be the first reason for consultation and this is due to the fact that each body reacts differently to changes or aggressions related to food. Currently, many people focus on a standard of beauty imposed through social networks, which have a broad influence on the role models to be followed by individuals, nutrition is not exempt from this situation and people search everything When you get a flat stomach or slim figure without stopping eating what you like or without exercising, this ultimately leads to dietary transgressions that result in uncontrolled weight gain and loss.
But, we also have the other end of the scale where those individuals with constitutional thinness are located and no matter how hard they try, weight gains are not effective, also conditioning the use of pills or supplements whose advertising is focused on gaining weight and muscle mass. The recommenation at all times is to go to a nutritionist in the area who can guide you effectively and progressively, since the changes of a good or bad diet are not reflected in the short term.
If you are one of the people who likes to carry out fad diets, the one that was indicated to the neighbor or challenges that promise miracles and after completing them you perceive negative changes in your weight, it is time to consult a professional.
2. IF YOU SUFFER FROM CONTINUOUS DIGESTIVE DISCOMFORT, CONSULT A NUTRITIONIST
These types of problems can have multiple causes, but eating meals throughout the day at different times or skipping several and then eating only one in large quantities is a cause for these symptoms. The most common are heartburn, reflux, gas, gastritis which can be chronic and condition the development of stomach ulcers . Depending on all food transgressions there are changes that must be implemented not only in daily food but also in habits and lifestyles.
3. IF YOU WANT TO LEARN TO EAT BETTER
This should be the first reason for consultation, it represents a small percentage of patients and, in general, it is done by those whose time and work schedule allow it. If we received nutritional education from childhood and the weaning process (introduction of food from 6 months of age) were progressive and taking into account nutritional guidelines, we would have few or no adults with poor eating habits and, on the contrary, with fewer diseases. metabolic (diabetes, insulin resistance, pressure problems, heart disease, among others) that generate large costs in the health system.
4. IF YOU WANT TO IMPROVE YOUR PHYSICAL CONDITION TO PRACTICE A SPORT, GO TO A NUTRITIONIST
Here a particular situation is presented and that is that those who consult are mainly men between the ages of 18 and 30. In general, they come because they want to improve their way of eating to start a gym in most cases. However, they expect an eating plan with a load of important proteins and the famous gym shakes; they want a food plan for high competition athletes and unfortunately it doesn’t work like that.
You should be aware that the diet of an elite athlete cannot be the same as that of a person who is going to start physical activity in the gym or outdoors. In the latter case, adjustments are made that may be to a greater or lesser degree depending on the time allocated, hours of practice per week, whether or not a specific routine will be performed, nutritional status, eating habits, to name a few.
5. IF YOU HAVE BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH DISEASES WHOSE EVOLUTION DEPENDS ON FOOD
These diagnoses can be hereditary, but others are not. We must take into consideration that the way food is grown has also changed and some are not as natural and healthy as marketing makes them out to be, hence having good eating habits has long-term positive effects.
Now, if you are already diagnosed with: Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, high cholesterol or triglycerides, heart failure, cancer of any type and at any stage, gastritis, food allergies or intolerances, among others, you should consult a professional who will guide in the changes that must be applied , what works for some does not work for others even if they have the same disease, each individual is unique and unrepeatable and therefore their nutritional needs as well.